published editions: typesetting (layout and look of the publication).
Under the Copyright Act and when participating in the various copyright agency licences, schools are permitted to reproduce creative works as long as the materials are used for educational purposes, which include:
material used for teaching
material with connection to the course, and
the inclusion of artistic material into the school’s library collection and made available to students for research and study only.
If you have to comply, what do you have to do?
The various copyright agency licences allows a reasonable amount of a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work to be reproduced without requiring schools to obtain copyright permission. A reasonable amount is:
a single article from a hard copy or online periodical
more than one article from a hard copy or online periodical if the articles are on the same subject
literary works from hard copy or online anthologies not exceeding more than 15 pages, and
no more than one chapter or 10% of a printed work, such as a hard copy or online novel.
In addition, it is important for schools to display copyright notices near copying equipment to avoid liability for misuse of their equipment where the fair dealing exceptions do not apply.
An entire literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work can be fully reproduced only if:
the work is not available in hard copy or electronic form within a reasonable time (six months for a text book and 30 days for all other materials), and at an ordinary commercial price
there is a possibility of the teacher or student obtaining the work in a reasonable time at an ordinary commercial price, and
the work has not been separately published.
Note: These exceptions do not apply to reproducing multiple copies for a class.
The Copyright Act contains a number of fair dealing exceptions for schools, which allow copyright material to be reproduced and used without the copyright owner’s permission or participation in a copyright licence agreement. Fair dealing extends to materials used for educational purposes, which can be reproduced in part for:
research and study: includes exceptions for both teachers and students
criticism and review: reviewing books, CDs or films for student newspapers or similar publications; note that the author and title of the original work should be adequately acknowledged
reporting the news: articles submitted to or published in student newspapers, magazines and online publications; note that the author and title of the original work should be adequately acknowledged
Parody or satire.
Note: Fair dealing does not apply to online material protected by technological protection measures.