Vocational Education and Training
Vocational Education and Training (VET) prepares students for specific careers within the workplace, or supports their transition to vocational and/or higher education.
It is a learning option that is available to young people in schools in the senior phase of their learning, and it can provide credit towards a nationally recognised VET qualification within the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF). Within schools VET is known as Vocational Education and Training in secondary schools.
Following consultation with schools, industry and training providers, the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) developed VCE VET programs. The link is http://www.vcaa.vic.edu.au/Pages/vet/programs/index.aspx. These programs lead to nationally recognised qualifications, thereby offering students the opportunity to gain a contribution to the ATAR score in the VCE plus a VET qualification.
VCE VET Programs
A key success of VET in a secondary school is the integration of vocational options within the traditional studies at the senior secondary school level. VET programs allow Year 11 and Year 12 students to:
- gain credit towards their ATAR score
- gain familiarity on how workplaces operate which supports their transition to employment
- obtain knowledge and confidence to support their transition to vocational and/or higher education
- gain employability skills.
The VCE VET programs currently available can be found on the VCAA’s website. These programs will be enrolled by the home school on the VASS system under certificate type VES.
Selected VCE VET programs have a study score component based on the designated Units 3 and 4 sequence of their program. For scored VCE VET programs, the study score is calculated using assessments of student’s levels of performance. Decisions about students’ levels of performance are based on evidence from two sources:
- school-assessed coursework – a set of coursework tasks set by the assessor
- an examination set by the VCAA.
Recognition of VET and Further Education (FE) within the VCE and the VCAL means that students who complete all or part of a nationally recognised qualification may receive credit towards satisfactory completion of their VCE and/or VCAL.
Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning
The Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning (VCAL) is a hands-on option for students in Year 11 and Year 12. VCAL provides practical work-related experience, as well as literacy and numeracy skills, plus the opportunity to build personal skills that are important for life and work. Like the Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE), VCAL is an accredited secondary certificate.
For all certificate types, i.e. VES, NAP and VFE, a credit towards VCAL is awarded on successful completion of 90 nominal hours of accredited curriculum/nationally recognised training.
Please note: VCE VET programs are constantly being developed or revised, schools are advised to refer to the VCAA website and VCAA Bulletin for the most up-to-date information.
School Based Apprenticeships
School-Based Apprenticeships (SBAs) provides students with an opportunity to undertake an apprenticeship while still at school.
SBAs in Victoria involve the student undertaking the VCE or VCAL as well as being employed part-time and trained. The student and the school have specific responsibilities within SBAs, however the training and assessment is the responsibility of the RTO.
Structured Workplace Learning
Structured Workplace Learning (SWL) involves on-the-job training where students are required to master a designated set of skills and competencies related to their VCE VET program/s. Programs which have a mandatory SWL component plus those which have a Highly Recommended reference, can be found on the VCAA website.
The Commonwealth Government has for many years provided VET funds on a shared basis between government, catholic and the independent sector.
It is expected that schools will support a number of the Government’s initiatives with these funds, which are to:
- Improve student access to VET programs
- Maintain the quality of VET programs
- Provide professional development for VET teaching staff, including the enhancement of industry skills.
- Support enrolments in School Based Apprenticeships (SBAs)
- Ensure that SWL occurs.
VET Professional Learning Activities
Each year Independent Schools Victoria schedule professional learning activities through The Development Centre. These can be found on https://www.is.vic.edu.au/
The VCAA also schedule professional learning programs, and these can found on the VCAA website.
Block Credit Recognition
Students who undertake Vocational Education and Training (VET) or Further Education (FE) qualifications that are not included in the suite of approved VCE VET and SBA programs, may be eligible for credit towards their VCE. This is called Block Credit Recognition.
VASS VETiS Enrolment
Ennrolment, unit completion and assessment data for students undertaking a senior secondary certificate in Victoria must be entered on VASS in accordance with the administrative requirements of the VCAA and must meet critical dates. Further information and advice on enrolling students in a VET qualification on VASS can be accessed through the VCAA website.
Data on VETiS is reported annually and is available on the Education Council.
VETiS within the Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR)
The contribution of VCE VET programs to the ATAR is as follows:
- Where a scored Units 3 and 4 sequence is available, it will contribute directly to the ATAR, either as one of the student’s primary four studies or as a fifth or sixth study.
- For unscored VCE VET progams, students who successfully complete a units 3 and 4 sequence, it is possible to receive an increment of 10 per cent of the average of the primary four ATAR subject scores.
- VTAC may award students who receive a units 3 and 4 sequence through Block Credit Recognition at 10 per cent increment towards their ATAR.